Decorative dots
Decorative dots
Announcement Icon

Join us at our Adoption Information Event on 19/6/24

Find out more
Family Adoption Links Logo
  • Book on to an Information Event
  • Download the Information Guide
  • The Children who need Adopting
  • The Application Process
  • Types of Adoption
  • Preparing for Adoption
  • FAQs
  • Adopter Stories
  • Ask the Adopter
  • Being an Adoptive Parent
  • LGBTQ+ Adoption
  • Early Permanence
  • Support and eLearning
  • Pre-Adoption
  • Post-Adoption
  • Adoption Support Fund
  • Education Support
  • Life Story Book
  • Talking About Adoption
  • Support for Adopted Children
  • Support for Adopted Adults
  • Support for Birth Families
  • Adoption Support Training Hub
  • Leicester
  • Leicestershire
  • Lincolnshire and Rutland
  • North Lincolnshire
  • Northamptonshire
  • Home

  • What's new

The Balanced Play Diet

‘Moderation in everything’ might sound like a boring mantra, but in the same way that nutrition is about balancing the food groups, a healthy, balanced play diet is about balancing different types of play activities.

The Balanced Play Diet is a practical approach parents can use to help guide the activities that their children do and help them resist the pester power that can be difficult to handle.

Each section of the Balanced Play Diet plays a unique role which is explained in full below. Using this approach, it’s possible to nurture well-rounded, happy individuals through the power of play.

Unlocking creativity and joy

In the first section, we celebrate active, social, imaginative, free, and child-led play. These types of play spark creativity and imagination and foster a sense of freedom and independence. These five essential types of play are integral to a child’s overall development.

Active play

Physical movement is essential for developing a child’s gross motor skills, coordination, and overall physical health. Research has shown that active play significantly contributes to improved concentration and cognitive abilities.

Examples of active play:

  1. Outdoor games: Tag, hide-and-seek, hopscotch, and sports.
  2. Playground adventures: Swinging, climbing, sliding, and balancing on play structures.
  3. Dance party: Encourage children to dance freely to their favourite music.

Social play

Interaction with peers is crucial for developing a child’s social and emotional intelligence. Building positive relationships through play contributes to emotional well-being and helps develop a sense of belonging and acceptance.

Examples of social play:

  1. Pretend play: Children role-play scenarios, like playing house or pretending to be superheroes.
  2. Group games: Board games, team sports, and activities that require interaction and teamwork.
  3. Puppet shows: Create stories and perform with puppets, fostering creativity and social skills.

Imaginative play

Allows children to explore their creativity and develop their imagination. Essential for cognitive development as it encourages innovative thinking and the ability to envision different possibilities.

Examples of imaginative play:

  1. Dress-up: Provide costumes and props for children to pretend to be different characters.
  2. Building wrlds: Using building blocks, Lego, or other materials to construct imaginative environments.
  3. Storytelling: Encourage children to create and act out their stories, fostering creativity and narrative skills.

Free play

Unstructured play where children have the freedom to choose activities based on their interests and preferences. Children take the lead, allowing them to follow their curiosity and engage in activities that spark their passion.

Examples of free play:

  1. Free drawing: Providing art supplies for children to draw, doodle, and create without specific guidelines.
  2. Exploring nature: Children explore the outdoors, connect with nature, and observe the world around them.
  3. DIY crafts: Providing materials for children to create their crafts and projects independently.

Child-Led Play

Children take the lead in deciding how and what to play. It promotes autonomy, problem-solving, and decision-making skills.

Examples of child-led play:

  1. Letting the child choose the play activity for the day.
  2. Allowing the child to set up play scenarios and rules for games.
  3. Encouraging the child to explore their own interests and hobbies independently.

By incorporating these five essential play types into a child’s daily life, we can create a holistic and enriching environment that nurtures their development and growth. Remember, play is not just a leisure activity; it is the very essence of childhood, fostering lifelong skills and joyful memories for the future.

Fun, learning, and bonding

This section takes you on a journey through various activities that encourage teamwork, cognitive development and creative expression. From team games to nurturing the mind with books and puzzles. Discover how board games, building blocks, and creative play can ignite a child’s passion for exploration and create cherished memories.

Team games

Not just about winning or losing; they offer opportunities for children to build essential life skills such as communication, teamwork, and leadership. Research shows that participation in team games also boosts self-esteem and resilience.

Examples of team games:

  1. Football: Playing football enhances teamwork, coordination, fitness and a sense of belonging within a team.
  2. Capture the Flag: This classic game fosters strategic thinking, problem-solving, and cooperation.
  3. Relay races: These are not only fun but also help develop speed, agility, and sportsmanship.

Board games

Whether it’s counting, planning, or problem-solving, each move in a board game requires critical thinking and decision-making. These games often have rules that children must follow, promoting discipline and patience and provide an excellent opportunity for family bonding.

Examples of board games:

  1. Monopoly: Helps children learn about money management, negotiation, and property ownership.
  2. Scrabble: Enhances vocabulary, spelling, and literacy skills.
  3. The LOGO Board Game: From chocolate to football – guess the logo and learn a few astonishing facts.

Construction play

Whether with blocks, Lego, or other building materials, construction play stimulates a child’s imagination and creativity. It encourages spatial awareness, hand-eye coordination, and fine motor skills. Children will experiment with design, structure, and balance, learning through trial and error.

Examples of construction play:

  1. Wooden blocks: Allow children to build various structures, promoting creativity and fine motor skills.
  2. LEGO sets: Offer diverse themes and challenges that foster problem-solving, perseverance, and spatial reasoning.
  3. GEOMAG Classic Panels: Help children understand the principles of magnetism and engineering.


A gateway to knowledge and a vital skill for a child’s intellectual development. It nurtures a child’s imagination and empathy, as they immerse themselves in different worlds and perspectives through stories and literature.

Examples of reading material:

  1. Picture books: Colourful picture books engage young readers and help develop their visual literacy.
  2. Chapter books: Encourage more advanced reading skills and longer attention spans.
  3. Non-fiction books: Broaden a child’s horizons and knowledge base.

Creative play

Activities including drawing, painting, role-playing and crafting boost self-expression, self-confidence, and emotional intelligence. This type of play also nurtures problem-solving skills as children come up with imaginative solutions to various scenarios.

Examples of creative play:

  1. Drawing and colouring: Drawing fosters creativity and helps children communicate visually.
  2. Role-playing: Pretending to be a doctor, chef, or even an astronaut nurtures empathy and social skills.
  3. DIY crafts: Engaging in do-it-yourself crafts enhances fine motor skills and encourages resourcefulness.

A balanced approach to play, incorporating team games, board games, construction play, reading, and creative play, provides children with a holistic foundation for growth and development. By offering diverse play opportunities, we empower our children with the essential skills they need to thrive.

Educational games

Not just a source of entertainment but also a treasure trove of knowledge and skill-building opportunities. These combine fun with learning, making the process enjoyable and effective, these games can develop:

  • Academic skills: Reinforce maths, language, and science concepts.
  • Social skills: Multiplayer games encourage teamwork, communication, and good sportsmanship.
  • Critical thinking: Problem-solving elements boost analytical and strategic thinking.

Examples of educational games:

  1. Maths Bingo: Enhance math skills and numerical fluency.
  2. Scrabble Junior: Promotes language development and creativity.

Digital play

Interactive technology has become an integral part of children’s lives, when used mindfully and in moderation, digital play can offer numerous educational benefits. It contributes to:

Technological proficiency: Familiarity with digital tools prepares children for a technology-driven world.

Educational content: Interactive apps and educational software support learning in engaging ways.

Adaptability: Digital play can enhance problem-solving skills and adaptability to new technology.

Examples of digital play:

  1. ABC Pocket Phonics: Teaches letter sounds, first words and handwriting.
  2. Toca Dance: App encourages imaginative play and nurtures creativity in a musical setting.
  3. Osmo – Coding Starter Kit: Offers interactive learning experiences in various subjects.

Solitary play

A valuable form of play where children engage with toys or activities independently. Allows for self-discovery, personal growth and supports…

Imagination: Children explore their interests and create their narratives without external influences.

Self-reliance: Playing alone fosters a sense of independence and resourcefulness.

Emotional development: It provides a safe space for processing emotions and building self-confidence.

Examples of solitary play:

  1. Art and craft kits: Art supplies, where children can immerse themselves in creativity and self-expression.
  2. Puzzles: Challenging puzzles of various complexities keep children engaged and focused.
  3. Reading books: Open up new worlds and ignite the imagination during peaceful solo reading sessions.

Screen time

Screens have become an integral part of our lives, and children are no exception. As parents/carers, it’s crucial to comprehend the role of technology and its impact on young minds. This section provides insights into how to strike a healthy balance between screen usage and other enriching activities.

Try to make screen time purposeful, educational, and well-regulated, ensuring screen experiences complement a well-rounded, balanced play diet.

Passive screen time

Activities where children are engaged as observers rather than active participants. This includes watching television shows, movies, and videos without direct engagement or interaction. While excessive passive screen time may raise concerns, moderate and purposeful use can offer some benefits to development. It can enhance visual and auditory learning, stimulating a child’s senses. Selecting high-quality, educational content can boost language skills and vocabulary acquisition. Moderation is essential to prevent adverse effects on physical and mental health.

Examples of passive screen time:

  1. Educational shows and documentaries introduce new concepts and broaden their knowledge.
  2. Relaxing nature scenes or calming videos aid in stress reduction and promote mindfulness.
  3. Entertaining and age-appropriate content that sparks imagination and fosters creativity.


When used mindfully and under parental guidance, it can provide valuable learning experiences and serve as a bonding activity for families. Co-viewing with children can facilitate discussions and reinforce positive values. Excessive TV watching can lead to sedentary behaviour, affecting physical health. Parental controls can help manage content and screen time effectively.

Examples of TV play:

  1. Educational programs that teach letters, numbers, and problem-solving skills.
  2. Age-appropriate dramas that promote empathy and understanding of different perspectives.
  3. Nature documentaries that introduce kids to wildlife and ecosystems.

Video games

Many now offer educational content and interactive experiences that can be beneficial when integrated into a balanced play routine.

Examples of video game play:

  1. Educational games that teach math, science, and problem-solving skills in an engaging way.
  2. Adventure games that encourage critical thinking and decision-making.
  3. Virtual reality experiences that provide immersive learning opportunities.

A balanced approach to play, incorporating all sections in the ratio the pyramid suggests, provide children with a holistic foundation for growth and development. By offering these play opportunities, we empower our children with the essential skills they need to thrive in a dynamic and ever-changing world.

Embrace the power of play and watch our children blossom into confident, compassionate, and capable individuals!

Credit and further reading:

https://www.goodplayguide. com/balanced-play/active-social-imaginative-free-and-child-led-play/

Ask a question

Request a callback

Decorative Dots
Your details


    Curved border
    Your details


      Curved border

      Whats new?

      New dates announced for North Lincolnshire Support Groups

      Listen to our latest podcast

      New Adoption Support Group launching in Spalding

      Case Study: Contact with birth parents

      Top tips from Blame my Brain

      10 ways that Neuroplasticity can improve your child’s brain

      View all